An Overview of Sacroiliitis
The sacroiliac joints, located where the pelvis and lower spine connect, can become inflamed, leading to a health condition called sacroiliitis. Sacroiliitis is a medical term used to define any inflammation in the sacroiliac joints and is most often found as an inflammatory condition of the spinal cord, such as osteoarthritis or ankylosing spondylitis. Contact the Tyler, Texas practice, Pain Recovery Center of Tyler if you are experiencing groin pain, lower back pain and/or buttocks pain. Our pain physicians can determine if you are suffering from sacroiliitis and develop a pain management treatment plan.
Sacroiliitis Causes and Symptoms
Located where the lower spine and pelvis connect, the sacroiliac joints act as shock absorbers for the spine. When these joints become inflamed from an infection, arthritis, pregnancy or spinal injury, patients may experience low back pain, groin pain and/or radiating pain from the buttocks to the thigh.
Sacroiliitis pain can be aggravated by certain activities, including:
- Prolonged sitting
- Bearing more weight on one leg
- Climbing stairs
- Taking long strides
Sacroiliitis can be a difficult condition to diagnose since there are a number of conditions associated with low back pain, groin pain and/or buttocks pain. A thorough medical review and physical examination must be performed by a pain physician to diagnose the condition. During the physical exam, the physician will gently press on the patient’s sacroiliac joints to determine if pain is present. A physician may also recommend a series of X-rays or an MRI scan to determine if any damage to the surrounding joints, muscles or tissue is present. In many cases, a physician may recommend a diagnostic block. A physician may conclude the diagnosis and determine the proper pain management treatment if a patient experiences a positive response to pain after the diagnostic block.
There is a wide range of non-surgical treatment options available to alleviate sacroiliitis pain. Many patients find a combination of two or more treatments effective in managing pain associated with the condition.
Common sacroiliitis treatment options include:
- Changing sleep position
- Pain relievers
- Muscle relaxants
- Physical therapy
- Sacroiliac joint injections
- Electrical stimulation
If non-surgical measures do not alleviate sacroiliitis pain, a pain physician may recommend a surgical treatment called joint fusion.
To learn more about sacroiliitis, or for more resources on pain management treatments, contact the pain physicians at Pain Recovery Center of Tyler, located in Tyler, Texas.